by Chris Byrd
This week, the IRS released guidance (Notice 2017-67) addressing qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangements (QSEHRA).
In the form of 79 questions and answers, the IRS explains the rules and requirements for providing a QSEHRA under section 9831(d) of its code, the tax consequences of the arrangement and the requirements for providing written notice of the arrangement to employees. A qualified small employer HRA may be offered by employers that have fewer than 50 full-time employees and do not offer group health plans to any of their employees.
The proposed guidance attempts to respond in part to President Trump’s executive order of Oct. 12, which called for expanded availability and permitted use of HRAs. It should be noted, however, that the response is only in the context of QSEHRAs and does not address potential further expansion of HRAs. The primary purpose of the proposed guidance is to address many questions that have arisen since QSEHRAs were created last December.
The guidance is intended to be incorporated into proposed regulations to be issued by the IRS and Treasury Department. It provides for public comments on the guidance and the proposed regulations through Jan. 19, 2018.
Chris Byrd, WEX Health’s executive vice president of operations, says, “The IRS ruling is proposed and not final. It answers many, if not most, of the questions that the industry had asked it to. That’s good, as it eliminates some of the uncertainty about how these accounts are to be administered, which should help adoption of QSEHRAs. Much of what is outlined is helpful, but it’s not perfect, and I would expect we and other industry participants will provide input during the comment period.”
HRAs were created by the IRS in 2002 to allow employers to fund medical care expenses for their employees on a pre-tax basis. In December 2016, the 21st Century Cures Act additionally created QSEHRAs, amending the IRS code, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and other laws to exempt QSEHRAs from certain requirements that apply to group health plans.
To read the IRS’s notice in full, go here.